الأفعال المركبة Phrasal verbs - ...يتحدث Wordly

الأفعال المركبة Phrasal verbs


الأفعال المركبة Phrasal verbs

الأفعال المركبة هي الأفعال التي تتكون من فعل مركب من عدة كلمات. وهذا النوع من الأفعال كثير في اللغة الإنجليزية غير أنه نادر في اللغة العربية. وعادة ما يتكون من فعل وحرف جر أو فعل وظرف وحرف جر. ويعطي الفعل معنى مغايرا لما يعنيه الفعل المركب.

امثلة عن الأفعال المركبة:

الحق بالأتوبيس  .Get on the bus
إقلاع الطائرة  .Take off in the plane
الذهاب الى الغداء  .Go out for lunch
الخروج مع الاصدقاء  .Hang out with friends

كيف اتعلم الأفعال المركبة؟

اليك بعض النصائح لتتعلم هذه الأفعال واستخداماتها

  • لا تخف أبداً من استخدام هذه الأفعال في محادثاتك وكتاباتك فهي جزء لا يتجزأ من اللغة الإنجليزية.
  • تمتلك الكثير من الأفعال المركبة مرادفات من الأفعال ذات الجزء الواحد، فاحرص على تعلّمها.
  • تذكّر أنّ الأفعال المركبة يمكن أن تمتلك أكثر من معنىً واحد وذلك بحسب السياق الذي تأتي فيه.
  • تبدأ معظم حروف الجر التي تلحق بالأفعال المركبة بحرف صوتي، فتذكّر أن تصل بين الفعل وحرف الجر عند اللفظ.

ما أنواع الأفعال المركبة وكيف تستخدم عادة؟

هناك أربعة أنواع رئيسية لهذه الأفعال:

النوع الأول

 أفعال مركبة تحتاج إلى مفعول به، ولا يمكنك استخدامها بدون إتباعها بمفعول به مناسب، إلا إذا كنت تسأل سؤالاً:

I came across some nice restaurants in London – صادفت عدداً من المطاعم الجميلة في لندن.

What did you come across in London? – ماذا صادفت في لندن؟

وكذلك كل من الأفعال التالية: cut out – يتوقف عن، cut down – يخفف/يقلل، check out – يتحقق من.

النوع الثاني

تحتاج هذه الزمرة من الأفعال إلى مفعول به أيضاً، لكن وبعكس النوع الأول من الأفعال المركبة، يمكن لجزئيها أن ينفصلان عن بعضهما.

Please write down your name on the top left corner of the page – دوّن اسمك في الزاوية العلوية اليسرى للصفحة رجاءً.

Please write your name down on the top left corner of the page- دوّن اسمك في الزاوية العلوية اليسرى للصفحة رجاءً.

لاحظ هنا أن المعنى لا يتغير أبداً بين المثال الأول والثاني.

وإليك بعض الأمثلة عن هذا النوع: Cheer up- يُسعّد، Clean up- يُنظف، cross out- يستبعد، figure out- يفهم.

النوع الثالث

لا تحتاج أفعال هذه المجموعة إلى مفعول به ولا يمكن الفصل بين جزأيها، وكمثال عليها:

I find it difficult to get by in Manchester – أجد صعوبةً في التأقلم في مانشستر.

I always get up at 7:00 am. – أستيقظ دائماً في الساعة 7 صباحاً.

النوع الرابع

تمتلك هذه الأفعال ثلاثة أجزاء، فعل وجزئين آخرين. كما تحتاج إلى مفعول به ولا يمكن فصلها عن بعضها. إليك هذه الأمثلة:

I look forward to seeing you soon. – أتطلع لرؤيتك قريباً.

I can’t put up with this noise any more. – لم أعد أحتمل هذه الضجة.

ومن هذه الزمرة هناك أيضاً: get along with – ينسجم مع، look out for – ينتبه إلى.

الأفعال المركبة الخمسين الأكثر استخداماً في اللغة الإنكليزية

  • لقد انفصلنا من أسبوعين وما زلت لا استطيع التخلي عن فكرة اننا ممكن ان نعود سوياً
  • افهمك يا صديقي، لكنني اؤمن حقاً انه لا بد لك ان تفلتها من بالك
  • It’s been two weeks since we’ve broken up, but I still can’t give up the idea that we might get back together
  • I get it buddy, but I truly believe that you must let her go.

هل رأيت كيف أصبحت الأفعال البسيطة في لغتنا العربية افعالاً اكثر تعقيداً حين حولناها للغة الإنكليزية؟ لكنها في الواقع سهلة جداً ان اردت ان تتعلمها، واليك أهم 50 فعل مركب في اللغة الإنكليزية وكيف تستخدمها.

الأفعال المركبة من فعل bring

Bring about

جعله يحدث – سبّب

The collapse of the gold standard brought about much of the economic turmoil of that era.

Bring about

يحقق

I hope to bring about a successful conclusion.

Bring along

يجلب احداً او شيئاً معه

I brought my uncle along to the party.

Bring around

يقنع

Sam was sure he could bring them around to the deal.

Bring around

يجلب احداً او شيئاً معه الى زيارة

He promised to bring the letter around in the morning.

Bring around

ان يتطرق الى الحديث او يجلب شيئاً الى الحديث

 Eventually I brought the conversation around to the subject of money

الأفعال المركبة من فعل call

Call away

يستدعي

I was called away from the meeting to deal with a medical emergency.

Call down

يدعو على احد

I shall call down God’s wrath upon you!

Call for

يستدعي، ينادي

 I leant out of the back door and called for Lucy.

Call for

ينادي او يطلب بصوت مرتفع

We finished the main course in short order and called for more wine.

Call in

يتصل

I was too unwell to work yesterday so I called in sick

Call on

يستدعي، يستخدم قواه

 Exhausted, he called on his last ounce of strength.

الأفعال المركبة من فعل come

Come about

يحدث، يحصل

 Can you tell me how the accident came about?

Come after

يلاحق

 Don’t try to come after me.

Come back

يعود، يستذكر

 Suddenly it all came back to him, the tea, the petite madeleines, his mother.

الأفعال المركبة من فعل cut

Cut back

يخفف الصرف

Example: We need to cut back heavily on office supplies. Is there another vendor we can use?

Cut off

ينتهي فجأة، ينقطع

Example: My phone call was cut off before I could get the information.

Cut up

يقسم، يقطع الى أجزاء صغيرة، يجزئ

Example: With a little practice, you can cut up a whole chicken yourself for frying.

الأفعال المركبة من فعل fall

Fall apart

ينهار

Example: My old briefcase is falling apart. I’ll have to buy a new one.

Fall down

يقع، ينهار الى الاسفل

Example: The beams supporting the roof had rotted, causing the entire house to fall down.

Fall down

يفشل

Example: That is where your reasoning falls down.

Fall for

يقع فريسه احتيال، يُخدع

Example: I can’t believe how many people still fall for the coin glued to the sidewalk.

Fall for

يقع في حب احدهم

Example: He really fell for the attractive waitress at his favorite restaurant.

الأفعال المركبة من فعل Get

Get about

يتحرك

Example: I can’t get about so much since I hurt my hip.

Get ahead

يتقدم

Example: If this project goes well, it could really help me to get ahead at work.

Get along

يتفق، ينسجم مع الاخرين

Example: I wish the kids would get along better.

Get along with

ينسجم ويحصل على علاقة جيدة مع الاخرين

Example: I hope I will get along with everyone.

Get away

يهرب، يفلت من ايدي الاخرين

Example: I almost caught the critter, but it got away from me.

الأفعال المركبة من فعل give

Give away

يهدي، يعطي

Example: I didn’t like that book, so I gave it away.

Give away

يفضح احدهم، يفشي سر عن طريق الخطأ

Example: He gave himself away with a stupid lie.

Give back

يُعيد

Example: Give me back my book!

Give in

يستسلم

Example: I finally gave in and let him stay up to watch TV.

الأفعال المركبة من فعل go

Go after

يلاحق، يتبع

Example: Go after him and apologize.

Go against

يخالف، يجتاز، يكسر القانون

Example: What he did goes against the rules.

Go against

يناهض

Example: He dared not go against the King.

Go ahead

يبدأ، يشرع بشيء

Example: Go ahead and eat without me; I expect to be very late.

Go all out

ان يصرف كل شيء مسبقاً، الا يخزن شيء، الا يحتفظ بشيء

Example: They went all out for his eightieth birthday party and chartered a tour boat on the bay.

Go along

يشارك، يتعاون، يجاري

Example: I refuse to go along with another of his dangerous schemes.

Go away

يسافر

Example: Are you going away this year?

Go by

يسير دون مواجهة، يمر

Example: I like to sit and watch the world go by.

Go by

ينادى باسم كذا

Example: His full name is Ernest Tinkleton, but he goes by Ernie.

Go for

يحاول، يجرب

Example: I’ll go for the world record.

Go into

يدخل بشيء، يشارك، يُشمل بشيء، يباحث

Example: I don’t want to go into the details now.

Go off

ينطلق، يشعل، ينفجر

Example: The gun went off during their struggle.

Go off

ينفجر (مجازياً) من الغضب

Example: When the boss came to know about the scheme, he went off, shouting and throwing everything away.

Go on

يحدث

Example: What’s going on?!

Go out

يواعد، الخروج مع احدهم بداعي المواعدة والارتباط

Example: They’ve been going out for three years now, but still live apart.

Go out

يخلي به، يتخلى عنه، يفشله

Example: I’d like to help clear the field, but my knee went out on me.

Go over

يباحث، يعيد، يحلل

Example: Please go over the reports to make sure we haven’t missed anything.

Go through

يعاني، يخوض تجربة، يجرب

Example: She’s yet to go through puberty, although she’s already 17.

Go through with

يتماشى مع المخطط، يسير حسب الخطة، ينفذ

Example: If you decide to go through with the surgery, remember to leave time to recover.

Go to

يحضر، يذهب الى، يرتاد

Example: He went to the University of Kansas for almost two years before he dropped out.

Go to

يدعم فكرة سابقة

Example: The study goes to the point I was making earlier about subsidies.

Go towards

يساهم

Example: This money will go towards paying off the debt.

Go under

يفشل، ينهار، يفلس

Example: In the crisis, the company was forced to reduce its costs in order to avoid going under.

Go up

يطلع (بناء)، ينهض

Example: There are new offices going up in town.

Go up

يزداد قيمةً

Example: Bananas have gone up because of a shortage.

Go up

يشتعل، تتصاعد فيه النيران

Example: The building went up in smoke.

Go with

يختار، يقبل اقتراح، يجري مع

Example: Although I liked your suggestion, I’ll go with my original idea.

Go with

يمشي مع، يتناسب مع

Example: Does this red skirt go with this pink blouse?

Go without

يحرم من

Example: The poor man’s children went without supper

الأفعال المركبة من فعل Hang

Hang about

يبقى

Example: If you hang about after the show, you can meet the cast.

Hang on

يمسك، يتمسك بشيء

Example: Hang on to the handle so you don’t drop it.

Hang on

يتشبث، يستمر

Example: Just hang on and keep going; this pain won’t last forever.

Hang out

يتسكع

Example: He hung out with his friends all day yesterday.

Hang over

يهدد

Example: A shadow of doubt hung over my academic future.

Hang together

يكون متماسكاً

Example: The story does not hang together.

Hang up

يعلّق

Example: I hung up my wash on the line.

Hang up

ينهي المحادثة التلفونية، يقفل السكة

Example: When my mother started telling me to be careful over the phone, I threatened to hang up on her.

الأفعال المركبة من فعل Hold

Hold up

ينتظر، يؤخر

Example: Hold up a minute. I want to check something.

Hold up

يؤخر احدهم، يعيق

Example: I’ve got to be to work now. Why are you holding me up?

Hold up

يدعم او يرفع

Example: Hold up the table while I slide this underneath.

Hold back

يتحفظ، لا يستخدم كامل قواه

Example: Don’t hold back. Hit it as hard as you can.

Hold down

يقيد، يكبح

Example: You hold him down while I search him.

Hold down

يكمل، يمارس

Example: I held down that job for years.

Hold off

يؤجل او يؤخر بداية شيء

Example: Hold off on baking until I get there.

Hold on

يتمسك، يتشبث

Example: Hold on tightly to the railing.

Hold on

يحتفظ

Example: Hold on to my umbrella while I ride the roller coaster.

Hold on

ينتظر

Example: Hold on while I get my coat.

Hold out

يحتفظ بشيء جانباً

Example: Pack the boxes, but hold out a few blue ones for later.

Hold over

يؤخر، يحتفظ بشيء لوقت لاحق

Example: We will have to hold over these files until tomorrow.

الأفعال الركبة من فعل Let

Let down

يُنزل، يسمح لشيء بالهبوط

Example: They let down the rope and I fastened it to the basket.

Let down

يخذل

Example: I promised him I would meet him there, and I will not let him down.

Let in

يُدخل، يسمح بالدخول

Example: He opened the window to let in the air.

Let off

يسامح، لا يعاقب

Example: The boss let me off for breaking the office window, when in theory she could have fined me about 30 dollars.

Let out

يحرر

Example: The students were let out of school early.

Let past

يسمح لأحد بالتجاوز

Example: This guy is right up on my tail, so I will slow down to let him past.

Let up

ينتهي، يتوقف

Example: The rain shows no sign of letting up.

الأفعال المركبة من فعل Look

Look after

يرعى، ينتبه الى

Example: He asked me to look after his daughter while he was away.

Look ahead

يتوقع المستقبل، يتطلع الى الامام

Example: You should forget the past and look ahead.

Look back

يستذكر الماضي

Example: It wasn’t such a bad experience when I look back on it.

Look around

ينظر حوله

Example: We’re interested in buying this house. Can we look around tomorrow?

Look around

يبحث في الارجاء

Example: I can’t find my keys, so I’ll look around

Look down on

ينظر بفوقية الى احد

Example: She looks down on people who haven’t been to college.

Look at

يبحث، يفكر بالأمر

Example: I looked at the possibility of buying a new car, but my current one still runs great and it’s paid off.

Look for

يبحث عن

Example: He spent his life looking for the truth.

Look forward to

يتطلع الى شيء ما

Example: I’m looking forward to the weekend.

Look in

يزور

Example: She looks in on her elderly neighbor every evening.

Look into

يباحث، يكتشف، يفكر بأمر

Example: If you are buying a new car, you might want to look into getting a hybrid or other high-efficiency vehicle.

Look on

يشاهد، يراب

Example: My performance seems somehow always to get worse when there are other people looking on.

Look out

ينظر الى الخارج

Example: Look out, and you will see the rain has stopped.

Look out

ينتبه، يحاذر

Example: While you’re in the city center, look out for the dodgy street vendors.

Look out for

يرعى احد او ينتبه اليه

Example: Marry looked out for her younger sister when she started school.

Look out for

ينتبه، يحاذر

Example: You should look out for pickpockets.

Look to

ينتظر المساعدة من احد، يبحث عن شخص ليساعده

Example: Whenever I’m upset, I look to Mary to cheer me up.

Look up

يتطور، يتحسن

Example: Things started looking up after Jim moved back in with his parents.

Look up

يبحث عن شيء في الأرشيف او الانترنت

Example: I didn’t know what a mitochondrion was until I looked it up in a dictionary.

Look up to

يحترم، يتطلع الى شخص ما كقدوة

Example: A boy should look up to his father.

الأفعال المركبة من فعل Pay

Payback

الرد

He hurt me once, it’s time for payback.

Pay Up

يدفع، يتحاسب مع شخص ما عن حساب سابق، او عن رهان

You lost the bet, pay up!

الأفعال المركبة من فعل Put

Put across

يشرح بالتفصيل

Example: All good communicators try to use popular, well-understood examples to put across complex ideas.

Put aside

يخزن، يخبئ

Example: I try to put a few dollars aside each week, just in case I need money in an emergency.

Put away

يضعه جانباً، يرتب

Example: I put the clothes away so as to neaten the room.

Put away

يخزن، يخبئ لوقت لاحق

Example: Preparing for the worst, they put away food for the winter.

Put away

يرسل احدهم الى السجن

Example: After he was convicted, they put him away for 10 years.

Put away

يهزم الخصم

Example: He put away his opponent in the first round.

Put back

يعيد الى مكانه الصحيح

Example: He carefully put the vase back on the shelf.

Put back

يؤخر او يؤجل موعد الى وقت لاحق

Example: The meeting has been put back to 5.00 pm.

Put back

يشرب بسرعة، خاصة الكحول

Example: You’ll need to put that drink back quickly; it’s very nearly closing time.

Put by

يمرر (عملاً معيناً دون ان يشعر احد به)

Example: I managed to put that transaction by accounts payable.

Put by

يخبئ المال، يخزن المال

Example: I have put a few hundred pounds by for a rainy day.

Put down

يهين، يقلل من شأن

Example: They frequently put down their little sister for walking slowly.

Put down

يدفع المال

Example: We put down a $1,000 deposit.

Put down

يقتل (القتل الرحيم)

Example: Rex was in so much pain, they had to put him down.

Put down

يكتب

Example: Put down the first thing you think of on this piece of paper.

Put down

يضيف اسم

Example: I’ve put myself down for the new Spanish conversation course.

Put down

يحدد الاسعار، يقلل الاسعار

Example: BP are putting petrol and diesel down in what could be the start of a price war.

Put down

يضع الرضيع للنوم

Example: I had just put Mary down when you rang. So now she’s crying again.

Put down

يهبط

Example: The pilot managed to put down in a nearby farm field.

Put down

يُنزل احدهم من العربة او المركبة

Example: The taxi put him down outside the hotel.

Put down

يتوقف بشكل نهائي، يضعه جانباً

Example: I was unable to put down The Stand: it was that exciting.

Put down as

يحكم عليه مسبقاً ويتوقع منه شيء وفقاً لعدد قليل جداً من المعلومات

Example: I put him down as ignorant, but then discovered he is, in fact, a university professor!

Put down for

يسجل شخص ما كمساهم او مشارك

Example: Put me down for one of the drivers.

Put down to

يحدد السبب

Example: I put the high crime rate down to the high unemployment.

Put forward

يقترح

Example: The Prime Minister put forward new plans to tackle corruption.

Put forward

يغير التوقيت للأمام (توقيت الانقلاب الصيفي)

Example: Don’t forget that this Sunday we put the clocks forward an hour.

Put in

يضعه في الداخل

Example: Just put in the key for the ignition and turn it.

Put in

يطلب، يسجل

Example: I’m going to the bank to put in for a transfer.

Put in

يشارك، يساهم

Example: I put in an extra hour at work today.

Put in

يصل، يتصل

Example: The ship puts in to port today.

Put off

يؤجل

Example: Don’t put off your homework to the last minute.

Put on

يرتدي

Example: Why don’t you put on your jacket. It’s cold.

Put on

يتصرف بشكل ما

Example: Why are you putting on that silly voice?

Put on

يلعب

Example: I’ll put on your favorite record.

Put out

يٌخرج، يطرد

Example: Don’t forget to put out the cat.

Put out

ينتج

Example: The factory puts out 4000 units each day.

Put out

يجرح او يؤذي، خاصة الكاحل او الركبة او احد المفاصل

Example: Don’t put out your back trying to lift that.

Put out

يطفئ

Example: They worked for days to put out the brushfire.

Put over

يشرح بشكل مفصل وواضح، يوضح

Example: Professor Jones is a good teacher. He knows how to put his ideas over to the students.

Put past

يظن من شخص ما انه يمكن ان بفعل ذلك، يتوقع منه

Example: Would he go so far as to call the police? I wouldn’t put it past him.

Put through

يتواصل

Example: Please hold the line a moment while I put you through to the sales office.

Put through

يسبب له الأذى او ان يقع في شيء ما

Example: After all the grief my wife has put me through, I wonder why I’m still with her.

Put to

يعرض شيء، او يسأل سؤال

Example: I’ll put it to the committee and see what they say.

Put forward

يعرض او يقترح

Example: He rejected all the proposals put forward by the committee.

Put together

يجمع، يبني من عدة اشياء

Example: We’ll need to put together a plan if we want to get this project finished.

Put towards

يساهم مادياً

Example: We each put £5 towards her leaving present.

Put up with

يتحمل

Example: I put up with a lot of nonsense, but this is too much.

الأفعال المركبة من فعل Take

Take aback

يفاجئ، يصدم

Example: The bad news took us aback.

Take after

يشابه

Example: He takes after his mother.

Take against

يكره

Example: He took against me when I was promoted over him.

Take apart

يجزئ الشيء الى اجزاء

Example: I took the radio apart to find out what was wrong.

Take aside

يأخذ احدهم جانباً

Example: I was immediately taken aside by the manager.

Take away

يزيل شيء او يضعه جانباً ليرتب

Example: Mother took our plates away and came back with some fruit for us to eat.

Take away

يزيل شيء او يخفه

Example: The teacher took my mobile phone away until the end of the lesson.

Take away

يمحي، ينقص، يزيل

Example: If I have five apples and you take away two, how many do I have left?

Take away

يترك لأحدهم الذكرى او الانطباع

Example: I took away the impression that the play was under rehearsed.

Take away

يأخذ احدهم لمكان ما

Example: The police took him away for questioning.

Take away

يمنع، يحدد امكانيات

Example: My job takes me away from home most weekends.

Take away from

يأخذ شيء من جودته

Example: Even the rain couldn’t take away from the excitement of the match.

Take back

يسحب كلامه

Example: No, you are not fat; I take it all back.

Take back

يعيد للذكرى

Example: That tune takes me back to my childhood.

Take back

يستعيد علاقة مع شخص

Example: She has forgiven him, and taken him back.

Take back

يستعيد ملكية شيء

Example: The wedding is off, and he has taken back the ring.

Take back

يعيد

Example: Take back faulty goods to the shop where you bought them.

Take down

ينزل، يزيل من مكانه

Example: He took down the picture and replaced it with the framed photograph.

Take down

ينزل من مكانه

Example: We need to take down the curtains to be cleaned.

Take down

يكتب كملاحظة

Example: If you have a pen, you can take down my phone number.

Take down

يفكك

Example: When everything else is packed, we can take down the tent.

Take for

يعتبر

Example: Does he take me for a fool?

Take for

يظن خطئاً

Example: Sorry, I took you for someone else.

Take for

يسرق

Example: Pinkett angry that George betrayed trust, took him for $100K.

Take in

يعمل في المنزل، يجلب عملاً اضافياً

Example: In hard times, some women would take in washing and others dressmaking repairs.

Take in

يصغر، يقصّر

Example: Try taking the skirt in a little around the waist.

Take in

يستوعب

Example: I was so sleepy that I hardly took in any of the lecture.

Take in

يخدع

Example: Everyone was taken in by his practical joke.

Take it away

يبدأ، خاصة عرض او أداء تقديمي

I’d like to introduce Mumbo the Magnificent and his dancing parrot, Tiddles. Take it  way, Mumbo!

Take it out in

يقبل كدفعة

Example: I convinced him to take it out in barter instead of cash.

Take it out on

يغضب من الشخص الغير مناسب، يخرج غضبه على احد

Example: Don’t take it out on your husband if you had trouble with your boss at work.

Take it upon oneself

يعد نفسه، يأخذ عهداً على نفسه

Example: She took it upon herself to manage the project.

Take off

يزيل، عادة ثياب، يخلع

Example: It was hot so I took my jacket off.

Take off

يقلد

Example: They love to take off all the politicians’ mannerisms.

Take off

يصعد الى الجو، ينطلق

Example: The plane has been cleared to take off from runway 3.

Take off

يزدهر، ينجح

Example: The business has really taken off this year and has made quite a profit.

Take off

يغادر

Example: I’m going to take off now.

Take off

يعد

Example: I’ll take off the concrete and steel for this construction project.

Take off

يأخذ إجازة او عطلة او غياب

Example: If you take off for Thanksgiving you must work Christmas and vice versa.

Take on

يجلب، يقدم

Example: The ship took on cargo in Norfolk yesterday.

Take on

يظهر

Example: In the dark, the teddy bear took on the appearance of a fearsome monster.

Take on

يأخذ مسؤولية شيء

Example: I’ll take on the project if no one else will.

Take on

يحاول مباراة او هزيمة شخص ما

Example: I don’t recommend taking on that bully, since he’s bigger than you are.

Take out

يزيل

Example: Please take out the trash before the whole house starts to smell.

Take out

يواعد

Example: Let me take you out for dinner.

Take over

يأخذ مسؤولية شيء من احد، يستولي على

Example: He will take over the job permanently when the accountant retires.

Take over

يُريح احد، يأخذ عنه المسؤولية لبعض الوقت

Example: If you will take over driving, I’d like to get some sleep.

Take over

يشتري ملكية شركة ما

Example: Acme Motors is to take Jetcar Industries over this week, if all goes as planned.

Take over

يغزو، يستعمر

Example: Ancient Rome took over lands throughout the known world.

Take over

يزدهر، ينجح اكثر من الاخرين

Example: Tiger Woods has taken over as the top golfer.

Take pity

يشفق على احد

Example: Someone please take pity on that homeless man in the rain and give him a place to stay overnight.

Take to

يتعلم، يصبح ماهراً في شيء

Example: She took to swimming like a fish.

Take to

يدخل غمار

Example: As the train rushed through, thousands of birds took to the air at once.

Take to

يبدأ عادة جديدة

Example: After the third one was rejected, she took to asking the department to check the form before she submitted it.

Take up

يرفع

Example: The reel automatically took up the slack.

Take up

يبدأ بشكل مستمر

Example: I’ve taken up knitting.

Take up

يعالج مشكلة

Example: Let’s take this up with the manager.

Take up

يشغل مكاناً

Example: The books on finance take up three shelves.

Take up

يقصّر (بالخياطة)

Example: If we take up the sleeves a bit, that shirt will look much better on you.

Take up

يقبل (صفقة، اقتراح)

Example: Shall we take them up on their offer to help us move?

Take up

يعود مجدداً

Example: Let’s take up where we left off.

Take up with

ينشئ علاقة وثيقة مع احد

Example: I hear that John has taken up with Jane.

Take upon oneself

يأخذ على عاتقه

Example: That’s an awful lot of work to take upon yourself.

Take through

يشرح شيء

Example: Stop by, and I’ll take you through the new headquarters

الأفعال المركبة من فعل Turn

Turn against

يناهض، يعاكس، ينقلب على

Example: They turned against their leader.

Turn around

الاستدارة الفيزيائية 360 درجة

Example: Turn around once or twice so I can see your new dress.

Turn around

تغيير الاتجاه عكس الاتجاه السابق

Example: She turned her position around and now she is in favor of the merger.

Turn around

ان يقلب النتيجة النهائية

Example: The team really turned it around in the second half for a great win.

Turn around

ينظر للشيء من وجهة نظر مختلفة

Example: Let’s turn that around and look at it from another angle.

Turn around

يقدم، ينتج

Example: We can turn around 500 units by next week.

Turn back

يعود ادراجه

Example: Realising he had forgotten his briefcase, he turned back to the office.

Turn back

يعود الى وضع سابق

Example: Once we take this decision, there’s no turning back.

Turn back

يمنع المرور

Example: The soldiers turned back all the refugees at the frontier.

Turn back

يعيد تعيير شيء الى وضع سابق له

Example: In Autumn we normally turn the clocks back one hour.

Turn down

يرفض، ينكر

Example: He turned down all our offers of help.

Turn down

يخفف القوة او الطاقة او الحرارة

Example: When it starts to boil, turn down the heat to a simmer.

Turn in

يعطي، يسلّم

Example: He turned in his paperwork to the main office.

Turn in

يستسلم، يسلّم شخصاً للعدالة

Example: The thief finally turned himself in at the police station.

Turn in

ينام، يخلد للنوم

Example: I’m tired, so I think I’ll turn in early tonight.

Turn into

يتحول الى، يصبح

Example: The carriage turned into a pumpkin at midnight.

Turn off

يطفئ

Example: Turn off the machine and unplug it when you leave.

Turn off

ينفّر

Example: Cigarette smoking really turns me off.

Turn off

يغادر او يخرج من الطريق

Example: Turn off at the next exit so we can have lunch.

Turn on

يشغّل

Example: Please turn the lights on so I can see what I’m reading.

Turn on

يشتغل، يبدأ

Example: My computer won’t turn on.

Turn on

يهاجم

Example: Suddenly all his friends turned on him.

Turn out

يصبح في النهاية، ينتهي به الأمر

Example: I had hoped our first meeting would turn out better.

Turn out

يحضر، يظهر

Example: Hundreds of people turned out to see the parade.

Turn out

يطفئ ضوءاً او نار

Example: Turn out the lights before you leave.

Turn out

يظهر، يُعرَف

Example: It turns out that he just made a lucky guess.

Turn out

ينتج، يصنع

Example: The bakery turns out three hundred pies each day.

Turn out

يخرج من الطريق

Example: Turn out at the third driveway.

Turn over

يقلب

Example: Turn over the box and look at the bottom.

Turn over

يعيد، يعطي، يسلّم

Example: They turned over the evidence to the authorities.

Turn over

ينتج، ينهي

Example: They can turn over about three hundred units per hour.

Turn over

ينتج (كمية معينة من المال)

Example: The business turned over £1m last year.

Turn over

يعطي السيطرة، يسلّم

Example: The Giants didn’t turn the ball over in their last four games.

Turn over

يقلب المكان رأساً على عقب (اثناء البحث عن شيء مثلاً)

Example: I’ve turned over the whole place, but I still can’t find my glasses.

Turn to

يتحول الى، ينهار الى

Example: Iron turns to rust in the presence of air and water.

Turn to

يسأل نصيحة

Example: When I’m in trouble, I turn to my pastor to help me.

Turn up

يظهر فجأة

Example: I don’t like people turning up without an appointment.

Turn up

يُظهر

Example: I spent hours in the archives, but couldn’t turn up anything on the alleged criminal.

Turn up

يزيد (يرفع) الحرارة او الإضاءة او الصوت

Example: Turn up the radio and sing along.

Turn up

يقلب

Example: He turned up his collar against the cold.

Turn upside down

يقلب رأساً على عقب

Example: Turn the box upside down and look at the bottom.

Turn upside down

يتفحص

Example: They turned the house upside down looking for the car keys.

الأفعال المركبة من فعل Walk

Walk away

ينسحب من مشكلة

Example: Company lawyers told him to walk away from the deal.

Walk away

ينجو من حدث صعب

Example: The football team walked away with a 1-0 victory.

Walk away from

يتخلى عن

Example: He decided to walk away from his job after expressing much dissatisfaction with his boss.

Walk into

يصرم، يصطدم

Example: Mind you don’t walk into that wall.

Walk into

يسقط في فخ (غالباً شيء كان يحاول تجنبه)

Example: You really walked into that one, didn’t you?

Walk it off

يهضم الطعام عن طريق المشي، يتعافى من إصابة صغيرة

Example: It doesn’t feel too bad. Let me walk it off.

Walk out

يرتبط عاطفياً، يواعد

Example: The maidservant has been walking out with the butcher’s man

الأفعال المركبة من فعل Work

Work on

يشكّل، يحسّن

Example: John’s in the studio working on the plans for the new house.

Work out

يحسب

Example: Can you work out how to get to the university by car?

Work out

يفكر بشيء، يعالجه في رأسه، يدرسه

Example: I can’t work these instructions out.

Work out

يمسّد

Example: This is a beta version; we’re still working out the kinks.

Work out

يشكل حل صحيح

Example: These figures just don’t work out.

Work out

ينجح

Example: Are you still seeing John? – No, it didn’t work out.

Work out

يتمرن، يمارس الرياضة بشكل دوري

Example: Wow, you’re looking good! Do you work out?

Work over

يحسن المسودة الأولى

Example: The estimated figures are not bad, but somebody will have to work them over.

Work sb out

يتفهم طبيعة او تصرف احد

Example: He’s so good in fact it seems virtually no one has worked him out.

Work smt off

يتخلص من مشاعره السيئة عبر فعل شيء

Example: He works off nervousness by knitting.

Work sth out

يفهم شيء عن طريق التفكر به

Example: I can’t work him out.

Work sth out

يحل مشكلة

Example: It makes sense to get the taxman to work the figure out.

Work through

يحل مشكلة، يتعامل مع مشكلة (غالباً عاطفية)

Example: He needs to work through some of the guilt he’s feeling.

Work up

يرفع، يحمّس

Example: He worked up the public’s passions to rage.

Work up

يطور

Example: I shall have worked up an appetite with all this heavy work

الأفعال المركبة من فعل Show

Show around

يعرض، يري

Example: The estate agent SHOWED us AROUND the house but we didn’t like it much.

Show in

يأخذ شخصاً ما الى مكتب احدهم، يقوده الى

Example: The secretary SHOWED me IN to speak to the manager.

Show off

يتكبر

Example: The children were SHOWING OFF and irritated me.

Show off

يتفاخر بشيء

Example: He wanted to SHOW OFF his new sound system.

Show off

يُظهر

Example: The shirt really SHOWED OFF his new tie.

Show out

يريه الطريق الى الخارج

Example: Her secretary SHOWED me OUT after the interview.

Show over

يأخذ احداً بجولة حول المكان

Example: He SHOWED us OVER the scene of the accident

Show round

يأخذ احداً بجولة حول المكان

Example: The guide SHOWED them ROUND the historic part of the city.

Show through

يظهر رغم محاولات التغطية

Example: His anger SHOWED THROUGH despite his smile.

Show up

يحضر

Example: Very few SHOWED UP at the meeting.

Show up

يتوضح

Example: The downturn in sales SHOWED UP in the company’s accounts.

Show up

يُحرج

Example: He SHOWED us UP when he arrived drunk and started arguing.

الأفعال المركبة من فعل Stick

Stick around

يبقى في المكان

Example: He’s late, but I’ll STICK AROUND for another few minutes before I leave.

Stick at

يستمر رغم التحديات

Example: She found the course very tough but she STUCK AT it and did well in the end.

Stick by

يدعم الآخرين

Example: No one STUCK BY him when the scandal became public.

Stick by

يدهم رأياً او خطة

Example: They are STICKING BY their claims.

Stick down

يكتب دون تفكير

Example: I couldn’t answer the test so I just STUCK anything DOWN that I could remember.

Stick out

يظهر بسهولة، يُلاحظ بسهولة

Example: He’s so much better than the others that he STICKS OUT.

Stick out

يمد جزءاً من الجسد

Example: He STUCK his tongue OUT at me.

Stick out

يستمر بفعل شيء رغم صعوبته

Example: I STUCK it OUT even though I hated every minute of it.

Stick out for

يطالب بزيادة معاش

Example: We’re STICKING OUT FOR a 5% increase.

Stick to

يحافظ على شيء دون تغيير

Example: The Prime Minister decided to STICK TO the original plan despite the criticism in the media.

Stick to

لا يغير

Example: I STUCK TO the path and didn’t take the shortcut.

Stick with

لا يُنسى

Example: The details have STUCK WITH me ever since.

Stick with

يستمر بفعل شيء رغم صعوبته

Example: I STUCK WITH the job though I found it very stressful.

الأفعال المركبة من فعل Switch

Switch off

يوقف، يطفئ

Example: I SWITCHED OFF the lights, locked the door and left.

Switch off

يتوقف عن اعارة الانتباه

Example: I was bored and SWITCHED OFF during the lecture.

Switch on

يشغّل

Example: She SWITCHED ON the lights when she entered the room.

Switch on

يشعر بشيء ما

Example: He SWITCHED ON the charm when they arrived.

Switch over

يغير الى مصدر مختلف

Example: We SWITCHED OVER to solar power.

الأفعال المركبة من فعل Tear

Tear apart

يُحزن

Example: People were TORN APART when news of the train crash came through.

Tear at

يشد، يمزق

Example: The fighters TORE AT each other.

Tear away

يمنعه عن القيام بشيء

Example: I had to TEAR him AWAY from the office for dinner.

Tear away

يزيل سطحاً بعنف

Example: The roof was TORN AWAY in the hurricane.

Tear down

يهدم

Example: The estate was TORN DOWN so that they could develop the land into luxury flats.

Tear into

ينقد

Example: She TORE INTO me for losing it.

Tear off

يمزق

Example: She TORE the slip OFF the bottom of the form and sent it with her cheque.

Tear off

يغادر بسرعة

Example: The police TORE OFF in their car after arresting her.

Tear off

يزيل بالقوة

Example: The storm TORE the roof OFF.

Tear off

يزيل تماماً

Example: She TORE OFF the ticket, leaving only the stub.

Tear out

يغادر بسرعة

Example: The sheriff TORE OUT after the escaping criminals.

Tear up

يمزق الى قطع

Example: He TORE the fax UP and threw the bits of paper in the bin.

Tear up

يهدم

Example: They are TEARING UP the old part of town to build a new shopping centre.

Tear up

يدمّع

Example: After hearing the tragic news he TEARED UP and could hardly speak

الأفعال المركبة من فعل Think

Think over

يتفكر بشيء

Example: I’ve THOUGHT it OVER and have made up my mind; I’m going to take the job in Leeds.

Think through

يأخذ بعين الاعتبار

Example: The plan fell through because they hadn’t THOUGHT it THROUGH properly.

Think up

يخترع شيء، يؤلف

Example: I’d better THINK UP a good reason for handing the work in late

الأفعال المركبة من فعل Try

Try back

يعيد مهاتفة

Example: I called but they weren’t in, so I’ll TRY BACK later.

Try for

يحاول الحصول على شيء

Example: I’m going to TRY FOR the job.

Try it on

ينرفز، يضايق، يستفز

Example: The children were TRYING IT ON all night until I lost my temper.

Try it on

يجرب الحصول على شيء

Example: He knew I wasn’t got to let him do it- he was just TRYING IT ON.

Try on

يجرب الثياب

Example: I TRIED the jacket ON before I bought it.

Try out

يفحص

Example: Scientists are TRYING OUT a new drug in the fight against the disease.

Try out

يجرب

Example: I TRIED OUT the program before I bought it.

Try out for

يجرب

Example: He TRIED OUT FOR the baseball team

الأفعال المركبة من فعل Pass

Pass around

يوزع

Example: The teacher PASSED the handout AROUND.

Pass away

يتوفى

Example: Sadly, Georgia’s uncle PASSED AWAY yesterday after a short illness.

Pass by

يمر دون توقف

Example: I was just PASSING BY when I saw the accident.

Pass by

يزور سريعاً

Example: I was PASSING BY her house the other day when I heard about it.

Pass by

يفوت فرصة

Example: The chance for promotion PASSED me BY.

Pass off

يقنع بشيء غير حقيقي

Example: I managed to PASS OFF the fake money in the market.

Pass off

يحدث، يمر

Example: The demonstration PASSED OFF peacefully.

Pass on

يوصل

Example: I’ll PASS the message ON when she gets here.

Pass on

يرفض فرصة او دعوة

Example: I think I’ll PASS ON dinner tonight- I’m not hungry.

Pass on

يتوفى، يموت

Example: Her husband PASSED ON last year.

Pass on to

ينتقل الى موضوع مختلف

Example: Let’s PASS ON TO the next item on the agenda.

Pass out

يفقد وعيه، يغمى عليه

Example: He got so drunk that he PASSED OUT.

Pass out

يوزع

Example: The protesters PASSED OUT leaflets to the growing crowd.

Pass over

يتجاهل

Example: Let’s PASS OVER what they said and get on.

Pass round

يوزع للحاضرين

Example: They PASSED ROUND copies of the handbook.

Pass through

يمر بسرعة

Example: I didn’t see much as I was only PASSING THROUGH the town.

Pass to

يعطي المسؤولية او الملكية

Example: The shares PASSED TO his daughter when he died.

Pass to

يصبح مالكاً او مسؤولاً

Example: The property will PASS TO her when they die.

Pass up

يرفض فرصة

Example: She PASSED UP the opportunity to go to university because she’d been offered a job.

كانت هذه أهم الأفعال المركبة في اللغة الإنكليزية، أتمنى لك قراءة ممتعة ومفيدة.

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